Shiva Nataraja small, the cosmic dance of Shiva Nataraj as king (raja) of dance (nata) is regarded as a symbol of the eternal movement of the universe.
Shiva Nataraj is usually surrounded by a ring of flames. The ring of flames protects against all disturbing influences, but he is also the fire of destruction of the old from where the ‘new’ can arise. A symbol of the eternal cycle of life. In his right hand, he holds a drum, it depicts the rhythm of creation. His mantra Aum is the primordial sound from which the universe was created. With his second right hand, he makes the mudra of reassurance. With a left hand, Shiva holds a torch or flame as a symbol of destruction and renewal. The downward bent left arm symbolizes obedient humility.